Situated in NE Trinidad, the Matura National Park was designated an Environmentally Sensitive Area in 2004 under the EMA’s Environmentally Sensitive Area Rules. It is home to several Environmentally Sensitive Species including the Ocelot and Trinidad Piping-Guan, as well as the orchid Oncidium citrinum which is also highly vulnerable. These are all under threat from squatting, pollution, poaching and over-hunting.
A mountainous area, the Matura National Park also comprises many small streams which flow into adjoining rivers such as the Shark River. Most of the approximately 3000 ha of forest are Montane Rain Forest, Evergreen Seasonal and Lower Montane Forest (Beard 1944).